Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Every city has interconnected aspects, one of which is physical spaces that are influenced by social and economic aspects and influence the city's socioeconomic aspects. A city with suitable physical and spatial properties can help facilitate the social and economic flows of the city and aid the city's vitality in general. On the other hand, physical spaces with an architecture that is incompatible with social, cultural, and environmental conditions can deepen urban problems. The living quality concept is a compound variable dependent on society's development level, and it can be defined and executed by devising suitable indices. Concern about modern life quality is among the aspects of contemporary societies which can be a function of the quality of the surrounding. Physical space characteristics have the highest contribution to increasing or decreasing the sense of safety. In fact, quality of life is a historical product of cultural, social, economic, and political structures, and it cannot be analyzed separately from these entities. Social security is among the important criteria for urban life, which is thought of as a fundamental need for citizens living in desirable cities.

physical spaces, urban space, urban life quality
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